Product Name:Scale Armour
- Steel scales over canvas backing.
Known as lorica squamata to the Romans, scale armor, like this hauberk of Greek Scale Armor, consists of several small metal scales that have been attached to a simple backing material with the intent of creating an effective suit of armor. This method provided many of the benefits of full plate armor, while allowing for greater mobility due to its increased flexibility.
In addition, this full shirt provided good coverage with no gaps between adjoining plates. The individual scales were also much simpler to replace, meaning a damaged suit would be much simpler and faster to repair than plate armor.
On two tombstones of the Sertorii at Verona (one that of a centurion, the other that of a standard-bearer) both figures are represented wearing a tunic of scale armour which covers the shoulders and comes down below the belt. The Carnuntum monument of Calidius (a work of the middle of the first century) shows also a scaled tunic of a centurion. Again, in the collection of marble portrait-busts from the great Gallo-Roman villa of Chiragan near Toulouse, the Emperors Antoninus Pius and Severus both appear wearing corselets of scale armour. The Scythians horse warriors appear to have used scale or possibly lamellar armour, evident both from contemporary illustrations and burial finds in the Kurgans. The armour was made from small plates of iron or bronze. Unique to the Scythians, about 20% of the females found in graves were dressed for war, some including armour, which may have inspired the Greek tales of Amazons. During Roman times scale armour (lorica squamata) was a popular alternative to mail (lorica hamata) as it offered better protection against bludgeoning. It was also widely used in Middle Eastern empires such as Persia and Byzantium
based on parts of armor found in Somerset and now at display in Taunton's Somerset county Museum.